It has the responsibilities of ensuring safety, quality and efficacy of the Medicinal Products after it is in the Bhutanese market for consumption. It has following units mentioned below:

i. Defective Products Control and Testing Unit: To handle and manage defective products and Laboratory testing of medicinal products

ii.Pharmacovigilance Unit: It deals with the monitoring of Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) by being the apex body for collecting adverse drug reports from the health facilities across the country.

iii. Control of Drug Advertisement Unit: This unit of the division controls the advertisements of drugs.

iv. Drug Information Unit: This division also serves as a centre for the drug information and coordinates for development of Bhutan National Formulary